Safeguard Your Vision With Myopia Control
Myopia, also called nearsightedness, is one of the most common correctable vision problems in the developed world, and cases of myopia are increasing at an alarming rate. In the United States, childhood myopia cases have more than doubled in the last fifty years and show no signs of slowing down.
What is Myopia?
Myopia is a common refractive error that impacts our distance vision. If your eye is too long, or the inner surface of your eye is too steep, it causes the light entering your eye to focus in front of your retina instead of on it. This causes your distance vision to become blurry, but this condition can be easily corrected using glasses or contact lenses.
However, myopia does become progressively worse over time, which means you will need stronger glasses as you age in order to enjoy the same level of clear vision.
How Can Myopia Be Controlled?
Multifocal lenses, available as contacts or eyeglasses, are specialized lenses that have different prescriptions on different zones of the lens. These different prescriptions allow you to smoothly transition your gaze from nearby objects to far away objects and vice versa.
Atropine eye drops have been found to reduce myopia progression by up to 81% in nearsighted children, though the results appear to be short-lived. Atropine drops work by causing your eye muscles to relax, which helps your lens better focus light on your retina and improving your distance vision.
Ortho-k, or orthokeratology, uses specialty gas permeable contact lenses to gently reshape your eye while you sleep. This temporarily corrects vision problems associated with myopia without the need to wear contacts or glasses during the day.
Evidence suggests that ortho-k is particularly effective in children, and can control myopia progression in younger patients. This can help keep your child’s prescription low.
Myopic eyes are continually changing, particularly during childhood, which causes your refractive error to become progressively worse over time. However, myopia can be controlled using a variety of methods. These include wearing multifocal contacts or glasses, using atropine eye drops, or using ortho-k lenses.
For more information about myopia control, please speak to your optometrist during your next appointment. You can make an appointment by contacting our Chevy Chase office at (301) 841-6776 or our Washington D.C. office at (202) 659-2010 or filling out our contact form.
We also welcome walk-in patients.